The idea of inspection of the abdominal and other cavities in humans is not and invention recent years but dates back to the early 20th century. However, technical limitations prevented the widespread use of the technique. Along with technical progress laparoscopy became a tool of increasing popularity, but its use was mainly limited to diagnostic inspection of the abdomen for gynaecological and gastroenterological indications. The breakthrough of laparoscopic surgery was the development of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which within few years was established as the golden standard approach.
Laparoscopic urologic surgery is a surgery where a doctor corrects urological issues without causing much agony to the patient. It is a minimally invasive surgery that involves the use of a laparoscope which has an inbuilt camera and several long and thin surgical instruments. It is inserted into the body through small incisions. With this surgery, patients experience a much better post-operative pain control, short hospitalization, quick recovery period and better results.
Nowadays, robotic technology is implemented in laparoscopic urologic surgery. Robotic surgery provides much better visualization and enhanced dexterity to the surgeon. Robotic technology has gained popularity especially in radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer.
The most significant advantages of laparoscopic surgery include:
1) Reduced Bleeding: This reduces the chances of requiring a blood transfusion.
2) Smaller Incision: This not only reduces pain but also shortens recoverytime,
3) Less Pain:it is a minimally invasive surgery patients experience minimal pain.
4) Less Hospital Stay: Although the surgery time is usually slightly longer,
5) Reduced Risk of Catching Infections